Tuesday, June 2, 2015
In 1935 Italy invaded Ethiopia and conquered all the Abissinian lands by May 1936. But it is not well known to most of us that there were agreements to reach peace before the Italian victory. The Jacir Bey tentative & other peace agreements Indeed during the War of Ethiopia there were several attempts to reach a negotiated peace. Pierre Laval, after the secret anti-German agreement with Italy made by Marshal Badoglio and Gen. Gamelin, was a supporter of such a result. In UK there were some circles who followed the same line; their most prominent members were Sir Samuel Hoare, who knew Mussolini very well since the beginning of World War I (he was the British agent who paid the future Duce, then the editor-in-chief of the "Popolo d'Italia" and one of the most important interventist in Italy), Sir Austen Chamberlain (whose wife was in personal contact with the Duce, who always kept a photo of Sir Chamberlain on his desk), Winston Churchill (who had written some articles for the "Popolo d'Italia"). Laval-Hoare Plan It was in this climate that the "Laval-Hoare Plan" was born; its clauses included some annexions by Italy, the creation of a large area of exclusive Italian economic control in South Ethiopia, in exchange for the opening of a corridor to the sea for Ethiopia, that would have used the port of Assab.